Criminal law and its objectives
As its name suggests criminal law is related to crimes. Criminal law has a set of rules, many rules that lists all actions that are considered threatening or harmful, for persons safety, property and so on. Criminal law also punishes violators of these laws. The major difference of criminal law from civil law is that it is focused on punishment rather to compensation and resolution of disputes which is a focus of civil law.
Punishments made through criminal law may be severe, but in some systems they may be too mild also. For the worst crimes some countries still have capital punishment which comes in two forms, prison for life and death. Few nations still have physical punishments in the form of whipping or caning that are active, but the rest of the world abolished them ages ago.
Prison time is the best form of punishment and length of that is decided upon the severity of the crime, and up to the system. There are milder form of prison like jail or house arrest. Fines are another way to punish criminals that broke the law but their crime is not severe enough for jail time. And sometimes both prison and fines would be used to punish a criminal.
Now, punishing without any real objective is rather stupid, and that is why criminal law has five major objectives behind sending people to jail. These objectives are focused both on offender and victim and their main aim is to restore as much of the normality in both of them as possible. Click here for info.
Retribution is first objective of the criminal law. Criminal brake law and inflict damage on society and they have to be punished, prison is the best option right now.
In order to prevent offender from repeating his actions prison serves as a deterrence as well.
Criminals must be taken out of society, and prisons, even solitary kinds, are good example of this incapacitation.
Length of the prison sentence is there to give a chance to offender to rehabilitate and return to society as a new person.
Restoration aims towards repairing the damages made to victim.